After opening a period and bringing a new order, Atatürk was temporarily buried in the Ethnography Museum when he died in November 10, 1938. The search for a suitable memorial site began immediately and Rasattepe, the dominant hill of Ankara, was approved. The project of Anıtkabir was determined by a competition, in which Emin Onat and Orhan Arda's project won and implemented.

Anitkabir was built on an area of 15 thousand square meters at the site naming as Anıttepe today. Light yellow and gray travertines of Çankırı were used in its construction.

Anıtkabir is a symbol of the love and respect of all Turks. From the Liberty and Freedom towers at the starting point to Hüseyin Özkan's Lions Road with 24 Hittite lions and Victory Area which is surrounded by the towers of Mehmetçik, Countrywide Resistance, Republic, Victory, Revolution, National Pact and April 23, every point tells the war of independence and freedom given by the Turks. The mysterious air of the Great Hall, which is 32 x 60 meters in size and 20 meters high, its walls and pavement are covered with dark colored Bilecik marbles and decorated with golden mosaic, tells the mysterious atmosphere and it leads to the years of war, full of pain and tears. Across the entrance door of the hall, there is a symbolic sarcophagus consisting of a single piece of marble on a stone set in front of the wall facing the Ankara Castle. Atatürk's body is in the grave right below the sarcophagus.

When you leave this magnificent hall, the gallery on the left side between Revolution and National Pact towers is the Atatürk Museum opened in 1960. Here, Atatürk's personal belongings, clothes, medals, photographs, gifts presented to him, documents related to Atatürk are exhibited. In addition, the Atatürk Library, which was founded in 1967, is also in the Tower of the Revolution. Atatürk's special library in Çankaya was transferred here.

The sections and aphorisms from some of Atatürk's discourses are written in multiple walls of Anıtkabir and many places of located there were adorned with reliefs and sculptures of Zühtü Müridoğlu, Şadi Çalık, Ali Hadi Bara, İlhan Koman and Nusret Su-man. Atatürk's Address to the Youth is located to the left of the entrance gate to the main building, and on the right side there is the Answer of the Youth.

The tomb of the second President of Turkey İsmet İnonu, one of Atatürk’s friends, is also located between Peace and Victory tower opposite the main structure.